Checking your feet and regular foot care should be a part of your daily diabetes regimen in order to prevent serious complications such as neuropathy, vascular disease, and injury. When it comes to implementing a comprehensive foot care plan, a little effort goes a long way in preventing problems.
Look at your feet every day. Make sure there are no cuts or red areas. Use a mirror to see the bottom of your feet.
- Don’t soak your feet. Wash them well with mild soap and water every day. Dry them very well, including between the toes.
- Don’t go barefoot.
- Wear shoes that fit well.
- Buy socks designed to keep your feet comfortable (padded, minimal seams, not too tight).
- Use lotion on your feet, but not between the toes.
- Do not cut your toenails. File them instead, or have them trimmed by a foot doctor.
- If you have poor circulation, nerve damage, or very thick toenails, see a foot doctor regularly. Also see a foot doctor if you have corns, calluses, or bunions.
- If you get a cut or scratch, take care of it right away. Wash it with mild soap and warm water. Use a mild ointment. Cover with gauze and paper tape or a fabric bandage. Make sure to change this often.
- Call your healthcare provider right away if the area does not heal or gets red or has any drainage.
Foot problems can literally develop overnight. It is essential to check your feet daily for the following:
- Cuts, blisters or sores
- Change in temperature (hot or cold)
- Change in color (pale, red, blue)
- Dry cracking skin
- Sweaty skin
- Athletes foot or other rashes
- Signs and symptoms of infection
- Corns and calluses
Source: Joslin Diabetes Center